Friday, November 7, 2008

Presidents of the United States

S/NoPresident NameIn ServiceBornDiedAge at deathRemarks
George Washington
30 Apr 1789 – 4 Mar 179722 Feb 173214 Dec 1799 67Led the Continental Army to victory over the Kingdom of Great Britain in the American Revolutionary War (1775–1783)
John Adams
4 Mar 1797 – 4 Mar 180130 Oct 17354 Jul 182690Led a peaceful resolution of the Quasi-War crisis with France in 1798
Thomas Jefferson
4 Mar 1801 – 4 Mar 180913 Apr 17434 Jul 182683Promoted of the ideals of republicanism in the United States. Two major events during his presidency are the Louisiana Purchase (1803) and the Lewis and Clark Expedition (1804–1806).
James Madison
4 Mar 1809 – 4 Mar 181716 Mar 175128 Jun 183685Father of Constitution
James Monroe
4 Mar 1817 – 4 Mar 182528 Apr 17584 Jul 183173Major events include acquisition of Florida (1819), Missouri Compromise (1820), admission of Maine in 1820 as a free state, profession of the Monroe Doctrine (1823), declaring U.S. opposition to European interference in the Americas and breaking all ties with France remaining from the War of 1812.
John Quincy Adams
4 Mar 1825 – 4 Mar 182911 Jul 1767 23 Feb 184880Proposed a program of modernisation and educational advancement, but was stymied by Congress. Elected as a U.S. Representative from Massachusetts after leaving office and became a leading opponent of the Slave Power
Andrew Jackson
4 Mar 1829 – 4 Mar 183715 Mar 17678 Jun 184578Was the commander of the American forces at the Battle of New Orleans (1815), military governor of Florida (1821) and eponym of the era of Jacksonian democracy.
Martin Van Buren
4 Mar 1837 – 4 Mar 18415 Dec 1782 24 Jul 186279The Panic of 1837 resulted economic hardship causing him only able to serve one term.
William Henry Harrison
4 Mar 1841 – 4 Apr 18419 Feb 17734 Apr 184168Served 30 days in office, the shortest Presidency in United States' history, before his death in April 1841.
John Tyler, Jr.
4 Apr 1841 – 4 Mar 184529 Mar 179018 Jan 186271

First President to obtain office by succession. Annexation of the Republic of Texas in 1845.

James K. Polk
4 Mar 1845 – 4 Mar 18492 Nov 179515 Jun 184953Led victory in the Mexican–American War and lowered the tariff and established a treasury system that lasted until 1913.
Zachary Taylor
4 Mar 1849 – 9 Jul 185024 Nov 17849 Jul 185065 Urged settlers in New Mexico and California to bypass the territorial stage and draft constitutions for statehood, setting the stage for the Compromise of 1850. Died of acute gastroenteritis just 16 months into his term.
Millard Fillmore
9 Jul 1850 – 4 Mar 18537 Jan 18008 Mar 187474Succeed Zachary Taylor after his death
Franklin Pierce
4 Mar 1853 – 4 Mar 185723 Nov 18048 Oct 186964His popularity in the North declined sharply after he came out in favor of the Kansas-Nebraska Act, repealing the Missouri Compromise and reopening the question of the expansion of slavery in the West
James Buchanan, Jr.
4 Mar 1857 – 4 Mar 186123 Apr 1791 1 Jun 186877His unwillingness to begin the Civil War against the Southern states which declared their secession and inability to find a peaceful solution has subsequently been heavily criticised.
Abraham Lincoln
4 Mar 1861 – 15 Apr 186512 Feb 180915 Apr 186556Led the defeat of the secessionist Confederate States of America in the American Civil War. Abolised slavery and issued Emancipation Proclamation in 1863. Promoted the passage of the Thirteenth Amendment to the Constitution. Assassinated in 1865
Andrew Johnson
15 Apr 1865 – 4 Mar 186929 Dec 180831 Jul 187566Succeeded to the Presidency upon Lincoln's assassination on April 15, 1865. He also took charge of Presidential Reconstruction until 1866
Ulysses S. Grant
4 Mar 1869 – 4 Mar 187727 Apr 182223 Jul 188563Led Radical Reconstruction and built a powerful patronage-based Republican party in the South, with the adroit use of the army.
Rutherford Birchard Hayes
4 Mar 1877 – 4 Mar 18814 Oct 182217 Jan 189370Losing the popular vote to his opponent, Samuel Tilden, Hayes was the only president whose election was decided by a congressional commission.
James Abram Garfield
4 Mar 1881 – 19 Sep 188119 Nov 183119 Sep 188149Second shortest presidency with his assassination 6 months after he became President.
Chester Alan Arthur
19 Sep 1881 – 4 Mar 18855 Oct 182918 Nov 188657Facilitate the passage of the Pendleton Civil Service Reform Act
Stephen Grover Cleveland
4 Mar 1885 – 4 Mar 188918 Mar 183724 Jun 190871Only President to serve two non-consecutive terms. Cleveland's admirers praise him for his honesty, independence, integrity, and commitment to the principles of classical liberalism
Benjamin Harrison
4 Mar 1889 – 4 Mar 189320 Aug 183313 Mar 190167Best known for his economic legislation, including the McKinley Tariff and the Sherman Antitrust Act, and for annual federal spending that reached one billion dollars for the first time.
Stephen Grover Cleveland
4 Mar 1893 – 4 Mar 189718 Mar 183724 Jun 190871Only President to serve two non-consecutive terms. Was also the 22nd president.
William McKinley, Jr.
4 Mar 1897 – 14 Sep 190129 Jan 184314 Sep 190158Fought the Spanish-American War and annexed the Philippines, Puerto Rico, and Guam, as well as Hawaii, and set up a protectorate over Cuba. He was assassinated by Leon Czolgosz, an anarchist in 1901
Theodore Roosevelt
14 Sep 1901 – 4 Mar 190927 Oct 1858 6 Jan 191960Negotiated for the U.S. to take control of the Panama Canal as well as its construction in 1904. He was the first American to be awarded the Nobel Prize, winning its Peace Prize in 1906, for negotiating the peace in the Russo-Japanese War.
William Howard Taft
4 Mar 1909 – 4 Mar 191315 Sep 18578 Mar 193072His presidency was characterised by trust-busting, strengthening the Interstate Commerce Commission, expanding the civil service, establishing a better postal system, and promoting world peace.
Thomas Woodrow Wilson
4 Mar 1913 – 4 Mar 192128 Dec 18563 Feb 192467In April 1917, he asked Congress to declare war on the Central Powers. He went to Paris in 1919 to create the League of Nations and shape the Treaty of Versailles, with special attention on creating new nations out of defunct empires.
Warren Gamaliel Harding
4 Mar 1921 – 2 Aug 19232 Nov 18652 Aug 192357Signed peace treaties that built on the Treaty of Versailles (which formally ended World War I). He also led the way to world Naval disarmament at the Washington Naval Conference of 1921–22.
John Calvin Coolidge, Jr.
2 Aug 1923 – 4 Mar 19294 Jul 18725 Jan 193360Elected in his own right in 1924 where he gained a reputation as a small-government conservative.
Herbert Clark Hoover
4 Mar 1929 – 4 Mar 193310 Aug 187420 Oct 196490Tried to combat the Great Depression with volunteer efforts and government action, none of which produced economic recovery during his term.
Franklin Delano Roosevelt
4 Mar 1933 – 12 Apr 194530 Jan 188212 Apr 194563During the Great Depression of the 1930s, Roosevelt created the New Deal to provide relief for the unemployed, recovery of the economy, and reform of the economic and banking systems. As Britain warred with Nazi Germany, Roosevelt provided Lend-Lease aid to Winston Churchill and the British war effort before America's entry into World War II in December, 1941. Elected to office for 4 terms (longest)
Harry S. Truman
12 Apr 1945 – 20 Jan 19538 May 188426 Dec 197288He used executive orders to begin desegregation of the U.S. armed forces and to launch a system of loyalty checks to remove thousands of communist sympathizers from government office, even though he strongly opposed mandatory loyalty oaths for governmental employees
Dwight David "Ike" Eisenhower
20 Jan 1953 – 20 Jan 196114 Oct 189028 Mar 196978Oversaw the cease-fire of the Korean War, kept up the pressure on the Soviet Union during the Cold War, made nuclear weapons a higher defense priority, launched the Space Race, enlarged the Social Security program, and began the Interstate Highway System.
John Fitzgerald "Jack" Kennedy
20 Jan 1961 – 22 Nov 196329 May 191722 Nov 196346Was assassinated on November 22, 1963, in Dallas, Texas by Lee Harvey Oswald.
Lyndon Baines Johnson
22 Nov 1963 – 20 Jan 196927 Aug 1908 22 Jan 197364His popularity declined with events related to opposition to the Vietnam War. He died after suffering his third heart attack, on January 22, 1973.
Richard Milhous Nixon
20 Jan 1969 – 9 Aug 19749 Jan 191322 Apr 199481His foreign policy was marked by détente with the Soviet Union and rapprochement with the People's Republic of China. He successfully negotiated a ceasefire with North Vietnam, effectively ending American involvement in the Vietnam War. Nixon suffered a stroke on April 18, 1994 and died four days later, at the age of 81.
Gerald Rudolph Ford, Jr.
9 Aug 1974 – 20 Jan 197714 Jul 191326 Dec 200693Signed the Helsinki Accords, marking a move toward détente in the Cold War. The economy suffered from inflation and a recession during his tenure
Jimmy Carter
20 Jan 1977 – 20 Jan 19811 Oct 1924--Established a national energy policy that included conservation, price decontrol, and new technology.
Ronald Reagan
20 Jan 1981 – 20 Jan 19896 Feb 19115 Jun 200493Implemented bold new political and economic initiatives. In his 1st term he survived an assassination attempt, took a hard line against organized labor, and ordered military actions in Grenada. His 2nd term was primarily marked by foreign matters, namely the ending of the Cold War, the bombing of Libya, and the revelation of the Iran-Contra affair.
George H. W. Bush
20 Jan 1989 – 20 Jan 199312 Jun 1924--Operations were conducted in Panama and the Persian Gulf at a time of world change; the Berlin Wall fell in 1989 and the Soviet Union dissolved in 1991.
William Jefferson "Bill" Clinton
20 Jan 1993 – 20 Jan 200119 Aug 1946--Presided over the longest period of peace-time economic expansion in American history, which included a balanced budget and a reported federal surplus.
George W. Bush
20 Jan 2001 –20 Jan 20096 Jul 1946--Announced a global War on Terrorism in 2001 after terrorist attacks in 11 Sep 2001 and ordered an invasion of Afghanistan that same year. He also declared an invasion of Iraq in 2003.
Barack Hussein Obama II
20 Jan 20094 Aug 1961---

For ranking of U.S. president, please view wikipedia at

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